CRESCAS (Cresques; Heb. קרשקש), personal or family name common among the Jews of southern France and Catalonia. It apparently comes from the Latin verb crescere ("to grow, increase"); compare the name Dieutecresse ("may God increase") common among the Jews of N. France and pre-Expulsion English Jewry, which is probably a French form of Joseph ("may God) increase," Gen. 30:24). Bearers of the family name include Ḥasdai Crescas . It was also used as a personal name, e.g., by Crescas Solomon, a signatory of the communal regulations adopted for Aragonese Jewry in 1354; Magister Crescas Elijah, physician to Pedro IV of Aragon; and the astrologer cresques de vivers and the Majorcan Jewish cartographer Cresques Abraham, mistakenly known as Abraham Cresques. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Urkunden, 1 (1929), index; Baer, Spain, index; Gross, Gal Jud, index.; A.L. Isaacs, Jews of Majorca (1936), index.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crescas — (Hebrew: קרשקש‎) is a Jewish family name. There have been a number of scholars and rabbis sharing that surname, including: Abiathar Crescas, a 15th century Jewish physician and astrologer, doctor to King John II of Aragon (1458–79) Astruc Don… …   Wikipedia

  • CRESCAS (H. b. A.) — CRESCAS ムASDAÏ BEN ABRAHAM (1340 1410) Haute figure de la pensée juive d’Espagne à la fin du Moyen Âge, ネasdaï Crescas fut à la fois lié à la cour du roi d’Aragon et établi dans les fonctions de grand rabbin de la communauté de Saragosse. À… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Crescas — Crẹscas,   Don Chisdai (Chasdai), jüdischer Religionsphilosoph, * Barcelona um 1340, ✝ Saragossa 1410 oder 1412; seit 1387 Kronrabbiner von Aragonien. Bei den Zwangstaufen und Judenmorden von 1391 verlor er seinen Sohn. Danach verfasste er in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • CRESCAS (or Cresques), ḤASDAI BEN JUDAH — (c. 1340–winter 1410–11), Catalonian rabbi, philosopher, and statesman. Crescas was born into an old Barcelonan family of rabbis and merchants. He studied Talmud and philosophy there under Rabbi nissim b. reuben gerondi (c. 1310–1376) and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CRESCAS, ASHER (Bonan) BEN ABRAHAM — (first half of 15th century), author of religious and philosophical commentaries. Crescas lived in Provence. Before 1438 he wrote a commentary on Maimonides Guide of the Perplexed, first printed with the Sabbioneta edition of 1553. In his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Crescas Vidal — Don Crescas Vidal de Perpignan est un rabbin provençal du début du XIVe siècle. Sommaire 1 Éléments biographiques 2 Œuvres 3 Source 4 Annexes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crescas, Chasdai — (d. c. 1412)    Spanish leader and philosopher. A member of an old Barcelona family, Chasdai Crescas is first mentioned in 1367. The Jews were accused of having illegally bought a silver vessel containing the consecrated wafers used in mass, and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Crescas, Ḥasdai ben Abraham — ▪ Spanish philosopher born 1340, Barcelona? died 1410, Saragossa, Spain       Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian rationalist tradition in Jewish thought, who became crown rabbi of Aragon.       A merchant and… …   Universalium

  • Crescas, Hasdai ben Abraham — (c. 1340–1412) Jewish philosopher and theologian. Crescas was the first European thinker to oppose Aristotelian cosmology, arguing instead for an infinitely extended cosmos. He opposed the extreme rationalism of Maimonides, and his emphasis on… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Crescas — /kres keuhs/, n. Hasdai /khahs duy/, 1340 1412?, Jewish philosopher and theologian, born in Spain. * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”